TMD & Sleep Apnea
TMD or Temporo-Mandibular Disorder occurs when the TMJ (Temporo-Mandibular Joint) is not functioning properly. Many times the joint and surrounding anatomical structures are parafunctioning and, as a result, facial pain, muscle tightness, jaw clicking, and limited mouth opening can occur. Excessive tooth wear and chipping are tell tale signs of the disorder. The majority of cases can be treated conservatively with various bruxism appliances (nightguards). The appliances help to relax the muscles used to open and close the mouth. They also serve to protect the teeth from further wear.
Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. Loud snoring and continued tiredness can be associated with this condition. Patients with mild obstructive disorder can be treated with various oral appliances that advance the jaw to aid in keeping the airway open.